working papers

  • RD Hawkins, ND Goodman, AE Goldberg, TL Griffiths (submitted). Generalizing meanings from partners to populations: Hierarchical inference supports convention formation on networks [preprint] [open materials]
  • A Leung, RD Hawkins, D Yurovsky (submitted). Parents scaffold the formation of conversational pacts with their children.
  • RD Hawkins, ND Goodman (under review). Why do you ask? The informational dynamics of questions and answers. [preprint] [open materials]
  • RD Hawkins, H Gweon, ND Goodman (under revision). The division of labor in communication: Speakers help listeners account for asymmetries in visual perspective. [preprint] [open materials]
  • RD Hawkins, M Kwon, D Sadigh, ND Goodman (under revision). Continual adaptation for efficient machine communication. [preprint]
  • RD Hawkins, MC Frank, ND Goodman (under review). Characterizing the dynamics of learning in repeated reference games. [preprint] [open materials]


  • J Degen, RD Hawkins, C Graf, E Kreiss, ND Goodman (accepted).  When redundancy is useful: A Bayesian approach to ‘overinformative’ referring expressions. Psychological Review. [preprint] [open materials]
  • JE Fan, RXD Hawkins, M Wu, ND Goodman (2020). Pragmatic inference and visual abstraction enable contextual flexibility during visual communication. Computational Brain & Behavior. [pdf] [open materials]


  • RXD Hawkins, ND Goodman, RL Goldstone (2019). The emergence of social norms and conventions. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. [pdf]
  • P Achlioptas, JE Fan, RXD Hawkins, ND Goodman, L Guibas (2019). ShapeGlot: Learning language for shape differentiation. IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV). [pdf] [open materials]
  • RXD Hawkins*, M Kwon*, D Sadigh, ND Goodman (2019). Continual adaptation for efficient machine communication. Proceedings of the ICML Workshop on Adaptive & Multitask Learning: Algorithms & Systems [pdf]
    • Best paper award winner
  • RXD Hawkins*, M Sano*, ND Goodman, JE Fan (2019). Disentangling contributions of visual information and interaction history in the formation of graphical conventions. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society [pdf] [open materials]
  • K Mukherjee, RXD Hawkins, JE Fan (2019). Communicating semantic part information in drawings. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf] [open materials]
  • RXD Hawkins (2019). Coordinating on meaning in communication. PhD Dissertation. [pdf][précis]


  • RXD Hawkins*, EN Smith*, C Au, JM Arias, R Catapano, E Hermann, M Keil, A Lampinen, S Raposo, J Reynolds, S Salehi, J Salloum, J Tan, MC Frank (2018). Improving the replicability of psychological science through pedagogy. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science. [pdf] [open materials]
  • RXD Hawkins, M Franke, K Smith, ND Goodman (2018). Emerging abstractions: Lexical conventions are shaped by communicative context. Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf] [open materials]


  • W Monroe, RXD Hawkins, ND Goodman, C Potts (2017). Colors in context: A pragmatic neural model for grounded language understanding. Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics. [pdf] [dataset][open materials]
  • A Avena-Koenigsberger, B Misic, RXD Hawkins, A Griffa, P Hagmann, J Goñi, O Sporns (2017). Path ensembles and a tradeoff between communication efficiency and resilience in the human connectome. Brain Structure and Function. [pdf]
  • RXD Hawkins, MC Frank, ND Goodman (2017). Convention-formation in iterated reference games. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf] [open materials]


  • RXD Hawkins, RL Goldstone (2016). The formation of social conventions in real-time environments. PLoS ONE. [pdf] [open materials]
  • RXD Hawkins, JW Houpt, A Eidels, JT Townsend (2016). Can two dots form a Gestalt? Measuring emergent features with the capacity co­effi­cient. Vision Research. [pdf] [open materials]
  • NH Silbert, RXD Hawkins (2016). A tutorial on general recognition theory. Journal of Mathematical Psychology. [pdf] [R Package]
  • RXD Hawkins, ND Goodman (2016). Conversational expectations account for apparent limits on theory of mind use. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf] [open materials]
  • C Graf, J Degen, RXD Hawkins, ND Goodman (2016). Animal, dog, or dalmatian? Level of abstraction in nominal referring expressions. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf] [open materials]

2015 and earlier

  • RXD Hawkins (2015). Conducting real-time multiplayer experiments on the web. Behavior Research Methods. [pdf] [javascript framework]
  • RXD Hawkins, A Stuhlmüller, J Degen, ND Goodman. (2015) Why do you ask? Good questions provoke informative answers. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf] [open materials]
  • PM Krafft, RXD Hawkins, AS Pentland, ND Goodman, JB Tenenbaum. (2015). Emergent collective sensing in human groups. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf] [open materials] 
    • Winner of the 2015 Cognitive Science Society paper prize for computational modeling in applied cognition.
  • A Stuhlmüller, RXD Hawkins, N Siddharth, ND Goodman. (2015). Coarse-to-fine sequential Monte Carlo for probabilistic programs. Technical report: arXiv:1509.02962. [pdf]
  • D Algom, A Eidels, RXD Hawkins, B Jefferson, JT Townsend. (2015). Features of response times: Identification of cognitive mechanisms through mathematical modeling. In The Oxford Handbook of Computational and Mathematical Psychology, Oxford University Press. [pdf][Google Books]
  • S DeDeo, RXD Hawkins, S Klingenstein, T Hitchcock (2013). Bootstrap methods for the empirical study of decision-making and information flows in social systems. Entropy. [pdf] [python package]